Sustainable Energy Production

Cities use large quantities of energy to make all their systems run. In fact, they were designed with abundant and inexpensive energy sources as a foundational assumption to how they would operate. While it is clear that huge efficiencies can be gained by the redesign of urban infrastructure systems, it is also apparent that our current portfolio of energy sources are polluting, becoming scarce, and/or are too expensive. BBISS researchers are investigating possible alternatives to the current stock of non-renewables.